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Do you know?

A person with volvulus will have symptoms that mimic those of a bowel obstruction. The symptoms can appear suddenly and include abdominal pain, vomiting bile, bloody stools, severe constipation or a distended abdomen. Rapid heart rate and rapid breathing are also common with this condition. Less commonly, the symptoms of volvulus may come and go in intermittent episodes, seeming to resolve on its own. This situation occurs as a result of the bowel twisting and untwisting on its own.

We have many diagnostic tools by which we can diagnose volvulus in a patient. Specifically, these include x-ray imaging such as a CT scan of the GI tract, which can reveal a twisted bowel. Other tests include blood tests and stool sampling, as well as a barium enema to diagnose malrotation of the bowel.

In most cases, volvulus is an emergency condition that requires immediate surgery. During the procedure, which may be performed with minimally invasive techniques, the bowel is untwisted and any dead tissue or inadequately attached segments of the bowel are removed.